Thermal insulation prevents moisture impact on the buildings.It suppresses the mould growth on ceilings and walls, while it save money too. Furthermore, thermal insulation improves conditions and comfort within it. It is considered to indirect affect the green house emissions
How thermal insulation protects from heat and cold?
What is thermal insulation?
The simplest aid to understanding the term is the thermos flask. The thermos is a thermally insulated receptacle. Thermal insulation material has been inserted between the layers of its casing. Thus the liquids which we put into the thermos are kept cold or hot for a considerable time.
The same is true of a building. When it is well insulated, it is kept cool in summer and warm in winter for many hours. To achieve this, most – if not all – its surfaces need to have thermal insulation.
Which materials provide thermal insulation and which should we use?
Thermal insulation is achieved by materials which trap immobile air by creating a vacuum. For this reason, all thermal insulation materials are of great thickness and lightweight. There are several types of such materials, the selection of which depends on very many parameters.
On flat terrace roofs, where a building usually experiences the greatest energy losses, the thermal insulation material needs to have a greater thickness than that for the walls.
are there thermal insulation paints?
The answer is ‘no’. There are only ‘cold’ paints which reflect the sun’s rays more than ordinary paints, but they are not in any circumstances a substitute for thermal insulation materials.
What is inverted and what is conventional insulation?
‘Inverted’ is the name given to insulation where the thermal insulation coating is applied over the waterproofing membrane. The opposite is termed ‘conventional’.
The consequences of inadequate thermal shielding make themselves felt in heating and cooling costs, which increase for as long as the construction remains unprotected.